P5+1 is an agreement between Iran under duress of the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China. Between rising tensions following decades of conflict with various Iranian regimes, hawks on both sides have turned what would be the most stringent restrictions on use of nuclear material, into something of a quagmire.
I’m joined by journalist Will Porter to discuss the history of Iranian and American relations, as well as their place in geopolitics in general.
The deal has four key provisions which act as the tightest safeguards on use of nuclear material in history.
1) no enrichment of U above 5% U-235, and all highly-enriched materials, some as high as 20% U-235, must be blended down to less than 5% or altered to a form not usable for weapons.
2) no additional centrifuges are to be installed or produced, and three-fourths of the centrifuges at Fordow and half of the centrifuges at Natanz will be inoperable,
3) stop all work on the heavy-water reactor at Arak, provide design details on the reactor (which could be used to produce Pu for the other type of atomic weapon) and do not develop the reprocessing facilities needed to separate Pu from used fuel,
4) full access by IAEA inspectors to all nuclear facilities, including daily visitation to Natanz and Fordow, and continuous camera surveillance of key sites.
On October 13th, Trump addressed the strategy going forward with Iran, which includes refusing to certify the 2 year old agreement with Iran as a chest pounding show of force. He even went as far as to suggest that we’re on a slippery slope with Iran, because if we ignore them they’ll turn out like the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea if let go rouge. But as Will and I detail, America is a bit of a paper tiger in this deal, being only one part of six major world powers overseeing Iran’s nuclear program.
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